Rascló (Rallus aquaticus)

Brown-cheeked Rail

Rallus indicus


The Water Rail (Rallus aquaticus) is a bird of the rail family which breeds in well-vegetated across Europe, Asia and North Africa. Northern and eastern populations are migratory, but this species is a permanent resident in the warmer parts of its breeding range. The adult is 23–28 cm (9–11 in) long, and, like other rails, has a body that is flattened laterally to allow it easier passage through the it inhabits. It has mainly brown upperparts and blue-grey underparts, black barring on the flanks, long toes, a short tail and a long reddish bill. The eastern subspecies, R. a. indicus, has distinctive markings and a call that is very different from the pig-like squeal of the western races, and is sometimes split as a separate species. Immature birds are generally similar in appearance to the adults, but the blue-grey in the plumage is replaced by buff. The downy chicks are black, as with all rails. The Water Rail breeds in reed beds and other marshy sites with tall, dense vegetation, building its nest a little above the water level from whatever plants are available nearby. The off-white, blotched eggs are incubated mainly by the female, and the precocial downy chicks hatch in 19–22 days. The female will defend her eggs and brood against intruders, or move them to another location if they are discovered. This species can breed after its first year, and it normally raises two clutches in each season. Water Rails are omnivorous, although they feed mainly on animals. They are territorial even after breeding, and will aggressively defend feeding areas in winter. These rails are vulnerable to flooding or freezing conditions, loss of habitat and predation by mammals and large birds. The introduced American mink has exterminated some island populations, but overall the species' huge range and large numbers mean that it is not considered to be threatened.

 

Brown-cheeked Rail photos and videos:

 




Links:

Water Rail - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Phylogenetic and coalescent analysis of three loci suggest that the Water Rail is divisible into two species, Rallus aquaticus and R. indicus". Evolutionary Biology 10 (226 ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_Rail

Rallus [aquaticus or indicus] - Avibase
Order: Gruiformes Family: Rallidae. English: Water Rail Scientific: Rallus [aquaticus or indicus] Protonym: Rallus aquaticus. Avibase ID: DF916FE81A16D11B
avibase.bsc-eoc.org/species.jsp?avibasei...

BMC Evolutionary Biology | Full text | Phylogenetic and coalescent ...
Research article Phylogenetic and coalescent analysis of three loci suggest that the Water Rail is divisible into two species, Rallus aquaticus and R. indicus
www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/10/226

Rallus
Rallus aquaticus (Water Rail) Rallus indicus (Brown-cheeked Rail) Rallus caerulescens (African Rail) Rallus madagascariensis (Madagascar Rail)
tolweb.org/Rallus/90139

Rallidae – Rails, Crakes & Coots « Lee's Birdwatching ...
____ (Rallus aquaticus korejewi) Brown-cheeked Rail (Rallus indicus) African Rail (Rallus caerulescens) Madagascar Rail (Rallus madagascariensis) by Daves BirdingPix
leesbird.com/birds-world/fm/rallidae/

Worldbirdnames.org
Rallus indicus: AS : African Rail: Rallus caerulescens Madagascar Rail: Rallus madagascariensis Brown-banded Rail: Lewinia mirifica Lewin's Rail: Lewinia pectoralis
www.worldbirdnames.org/n-bustards.html

birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Rallidae
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus Brown-cheeked Rail Rallus indicus African Rail Rallus caerulescens Madagascar Rail Rallus madagascariensis Brown-banded Rail Lewinia ...
www.fatbirder.com/species_and_families/n...

Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: seventh report ...
Phylogenetic and coalescent analysis of three loci suggest that the Water Rail is divisible into two species, Rallus aquaticus and R. indicus. BMC Evol. Biol. 10: 226.
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.14...

TiF Checklist: PELECANAE I
Water Rail, Rallus aquaticus; Brown-cheeked Rail, Rallus indicus; African Rail, Rallus caerulescens; New Guinea Flightless Rail, Megacrex inepta; Calayan Rail, Gallirallus ...
jboyd.net/Taxo/List6.html

Taxonomic update -- August 2011 — eBird
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus - Widespread in western Eurasia; Brown-cheeked Rail Rallus indicus - E Siberia to Japan; winters to SE Asia and Borneo
ebird.org/content/ebird/news/taxonomic-u...

Japan Birds from Pheasants to Pitta during Focus On Nature Tours
Rallus indicus The Eastern Water Rail was considered a race of the Water Rail, Rallus aquaticus. Slaty-legged Crake (O-kuina) _____ Rallina eurizonoides sepiaria
www.focusonnature.com/BirdListJapan.htm

Falcons (Falconidae) Contd...
21 Rails, crakes, gallinules and coots (Rallidae) Contd... 112 Eastern Water Rail (Rallus indicus) , HSM 113 Corn Crake (Crex crex) , V 114 White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis ...
www.jetwingeco.com/uploadimages/File/Par...

Birds of India: IOC name changes for birds of India
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus: Water Rail Rallus aquaticus: Split: Brown-cheeked Rail Rallus indicus: Common Coot Fulica atra: Eurasian Coot: Sandpipers, Snipes
www.kolkatabirds.com/iocnamechanges.htm

British birders get armchair ticks | News | Birdwatch Magazine
Several extralimital splits have also been accepted, such as Brown-capped Rail Rallus indicus from Water Rail R aquaticus, and Pale Martin Riparia diluta from Sand Martin R ...
www.birdwatch.co.uk/channel/newsitem.asp...

World Birds Taxonomic List: Genera and species with citations.
Rallus aquaticus korejewi Zarudny 1905 Orn.Monatsb. 13 p.209; Rallus indicus Blyth 1849 J.Asiat.Soc.Bengal 18 pt2 p.820; Rallus caerulescens Gmelin 1789 Syst.Nat. 1 pt2 p.716
www.zoonomen.net/avtax/grui.html

Ceylon Bird Club, Birds of Sri Lanka, sri lankan birds, endemic ...
Blue-breasted Banded Rail Rallus striatus r/m / Slaty-breasted Rail. Eastern Water Rail Rallus indicus ...
www.ceylonbirdclub.org/sri-lanka-bird-li...

Cornell Lab of Ornithology: Clements Checklist
Page 81, Water Rail Rallus aquaticus We follow Rasmussen and Anderton in elevating Rallus aquaticus indicus, formerly classified as a subspecies of Water Rail, to species ...
www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/...

Old and antique prints and maps: Natural History, Birds, antique ...
"Rallus Indicus" chromolithograph published in Hume & Marshall's The Game Birds of India, Burmah and Ceylon, about 1890. Size about 21 x 13 cms plus margins.
www.antiqueprints.com/products.php?cat=1...

Updated July 2011 Bird Taxonomy Changes - Focus On Nature Tours ...
Eastern Water Rail, Rallus indicus from Water Rail, Rallus aquaticus. Eastern Buzzard, Buteo japonicus from Common Buzzard, Buteo buteo Eastern Black-tailed Godwit, Limosa ...
www.focusonnature.com/TaxonomyRevision.h...

Birds of India: Birding Checklist of India based on Rasmussen and ...
Slaty-breasted Rail Rallus striatus . European Water Rail Rallus aquaticus . Eastern Water Rail Rallus indicus . Corn Crake Crex crex. Brown Crake Porzana akool
www.kolkatabirds.com/indialistbsa.htm

 
 
 
© Twearth.com 2014 | Disclaimer