Large WoodshrikeTephrodornis virgatus
The Large Woodshrike (Tephrodornis gularis, the name T. virgatus provided as a substitute on insufficient grounds.) is a species in the helmetshrike family Prionopidae. The woodshrikes were formerly placed in the Campephagidae (cuckooshrikes) sometimes. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural are temperate , subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and subtropical or tropical moist . The subspecies in south-west India is sometimes considered a separate species, the Malabar Woodshrike (T. sylvicola). SCIENTIFIC NAME The name Lanius gularis was described by Raffles in 1822 (Transactions of the Linnean Society). At about the same time (1824), Temminck published the name Lanius virgatus in his Planches Coloriees (pl. 256, f.1). These, among other related forms, were later placed in the genus Tephrodornis and each recognized as valid species. Richard Bowdler Sharpe (Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum, vol. III, p. 278) retained both as valid, and this treatment perpetuated as recently as 1981 (Smythies, Birds of Borneo). Further review determined that both gularis and virgatus should be recognized as one species, with the former name designated as the nominate. Dickinson and Dekker discussed the homonymy of Raffles' name, and on the premise that it was unavailable, supplanted it with Temminck's name as the authority. A more obscure Lanius gularis was published in Bechstein (Kurze Uebersicht aller bekannten Vögel oder ihre kennzeichen der Art nach Latham’s General Synopsis of Birds und seinem Index ornithologicus, (1811)), eleven years prior to Raffles. Since the discovery of the homonymy in 2002, the name virgatus seems to have prevailed as the correct name for the large wood-shrike. However, the action to replace gularis was not justified. In the fourth edition of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) certain provisions were modified, including the adoption of "reversal of precedence." Article 23. 1 stipulates that priority in scientific names applies to "..the relative precedence of homonyms," among other conditions, and Article 23.9 details the "reversal of precendence," which requires that a substitution or replacement name be adopted if, among other conditions, "the senior synonym or homonym has not been used as a valid name after 1899." Since the discovery of the homonymy was published subsequent to the fourth edition of the Code, these requirements would need to be met prior to making such a change. Bechstein's name (the senior homonym) being so obscure—having only been cited once prior to Dickinson and Dekker (Index Animalium of Sherborn (and its corresponding reverse index volume)--that the act to adopt virgatus was done on insufficient grounds. Further, it is uncertain as to which species Bechstein's name should be indicated as a synonym of. Therefore, the correct name of the large wood-shrike is Tephrodornis gularis.
Large Woodshrike photos and videos:
Large Woodshrike - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|
The Large Woodshrike (Tephrodornis gularis, the name T. virgatus provided as a substitute on insufficient grounds.) is a species in the helmetshrike family Prionopidae.
Tephrodornis [virgatus or sylvicola] - Avibase
Order: Passeriformes Family: Genera Incertae sedis. English: Large Woodshrike Scientific: Tephrodornis [virgatus or sylvicola] Protonym: Lanius virgatus
Tephrodornis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tephrodornis is a bird genus in the helmetshrike family Prionopidae ... and it is commonly referred to as T. gularis. or T. virgatus. Common Woodshrike, Tephrodornis ...
Oriental Bird Club Image Database : Large Woodshrike ...
Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis virgatus pelvicus - Female: Photographer : © Raj Kamal Phukan: Location : Digboi (150m), Assam, India: Date : 17 July 2011
Tephrodornis virgatus Malabar Woodshrike: Tephrodornis sylvicola: AS : Common Woodshrike: Tephrodornis pondicerianus Sri Lanka Woodshrike: Tephrodornis affinis
Birds’ Names & Splits | Filming Nature
Malabar woodshrike (tephrodornis sylvicola) Large woodshrike (tephrodornis gularis) Large woodshrike (tephrodornis virgatus) Pied flycatcher-shrike
TiF Checklist: CORVIDA I
Sri Lanka Woodshrike, Tephrodornis affinis; Malabar Woodshrike, Tephrodornis sylvicola; Large Woodshrike, Tephrodornis virgatus; Maroon-breasted Philentoma, Philentoma velata
the Internet Bird Collection
Large Wood-shrike (Tephrodornis virgatus) Grey Fantail (Rhipidura albiscapa) Grey Shrike-thrush (Colluricincla harmonica) Long-billed Corella (Cacatua tenuirostris)
Thailand birding trip checklist - Southern Thailand Phuket ...
Large Woodshrike - Tephrodornis virgatus Fulvous-chested Jungle-flycatcher - Rhinomyias olivaceus Dark-sided Flycatcher - Muscicapa ...
WINGS Birding Tours to Vietnam – Bird List
Tephrodornis virgatus: 2: Common Woodshrike: Tephrodornis pondicerianus: 3: Large Cuckooshrike: 3: 1: Coracina macei: 3: Indochinese Cuckooshrike : 2: 4: Coracina polioptera
| CHECKLIST OF BIRDS OF SHENDURNEY WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
Malabar Wood Shrike Tephrodornis virgatus + + + + + + 173. Common Wood Shrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus + +--+-Family: Muscicapidae: Thrushes, Flycatchers, Chats 174.
Kyasanur forest disease: an epidemiological view in India. | Mendeley
Tephrodornis virgatus @ 18 Megalaima zeylanica @ 18 Chalcophaps indica @ 18 Treron pompadora @ 18 Rhoppocichla atriceps @ 18 * Experimental transmission.
A CHECKLIST OF BIRDS OF CALICUT UNIVERSITY CAMPUS, KERALA
Malabar Wood Shrike Tephrodornis virgatus 84. Large Cockoo-Shrike Coracina novaehollandiae 85. Black-headed Cuckoo-Shrike C. melanoptera 86. Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus ...
List of tropical birds - The Q&A wiki
Large Wood-shrike (Tephrodornis virgatus) S Common Wood-shrike (Tephrodornis pondicerianus) S Large Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina novaehollandiae) S
Tamil Nadu, India | the Internet Bird Collection
Large Wood-shrike (Tephrodornis virgatus) Common Wood-shrike (Tephrodornis pondicerianus) Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) Grey-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus priocephalus)
Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis virgatus # KNC, KK. Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus # TL
Glossary | Birds of Kerala
Large Wood Shrike (Tephrodornis virgatus sylvicola) 99. Blue-Breasted Quail (Coturnix chinensis chinensis) 344. Common Wood Shrike (Tephrodornis pondicerianus)
Aves—A Taxonomy in Flux: 2009 Updates
The scientific name of the Large Woodshrike has been corrected to Tephrodornis virgatus (was T. gularis). The gender of the two Philentoma has also been corrected.
Bird Guide: India Birding - Trip Report Supplement - Species List
Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis virgatus Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus PASSERIFORMES: Aegithinidae Common Iora Aegithina tiphia PASSERIFORMES ...
Tephrodornis virgatus: Malaysian Cuckoo Shrike: Coracina javensis: Bar-bellied Cuckoo-shrike: Coracina striata: Lesser Cuckoo-shrike: Coracina fimbriata: Pied Triller